Public health inequality has been a critical issues for discussion since the 20th century. Before seeking a solution for public health inequalities, it is essential to comprehend the causes. Research in action indicates that income is the main factor that causes health inequalities. Notably, some individuals do not have the financial resources to afford medical care. A person’s wealth is another key determinant of access to quality health. People who do not have any saved finances as accumulated wealth are likely to access poor quality medical care. Finally, the distribution of resources by the government is a cause of health inequality. Residents living in marginalized communities often do not have access to quality healthcare. The following are the themes of public health inequality policy.
A specific public service agreement contains provisions focused on addressing health inequalities to address matters concerning some individuals living in deprivation. The target is to reduce inequalities in public health settings. Measures for the public service agreement include the improvement of life expectancy and reduced infant mortality rates. The main agendas of target setting in the public health inequality policy include the support of families especially mothers and children. This acknowledges that women and children are the most vulnerable to health inequality. Additionally, the engagement of communities and individuals seeks to establish gaps in healthcare that may be causing significant health inequalities. Prevention of diseases and effective treatment is also an agenda of the target setting theme. Finally, addressing the underlying determinants of quality health is essential in the establishment of a methodology to reduce health inequalities in a community setting.
It is important to note that the cooperation of all organizations is essential in tackling the primary causes of health inequalities such as housing, poverty, and employment. A long term strategy in the partnership theme of public health inequality policy include the following. First, addressing the major killers by the provision of support and information to improve the group skills of communities with traditionally poor health outcomes. Further, it is important to improve access to public services by targeting vulnerable groups that are most likely to suffer from the consequences of public health inequality. Also, to break down the cycle of inequality, responsible groups should focus on the improvement of children health in marginalized and deprived communities. This will mean that they grow with access to quality medical care. The application of the target setting theme and partnership works are important themes in addressing public health inequalities.