The escalating numbers of misuse of opioids and resulting dependence warrants it to be truly declared as an opioid crisis. The problem is rampant equally in all communities across all socio-economic boundaries. Medical professionals treating opioid addiction and overdose in clinical and emergency settings advocate that it must be managed as a public health problem through harm reduction strategies.

Doctors at the John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health maintain that although law enforcement has a role to play, opioid addiction must be treated as a disease and drug user must have 24/7 access to treatment options including opioid replacement therapy, long-term treatment services, and recovery programs. Experts also believe that one key component of harm reduction is supervised Treatment facilities. Researchers at the John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health evaluated a supervised injection facility in Vancouver and found that this intervention resulted in the decline in drug use, decrease in discarded needles and crime rate and more users accessing treatment for their drug problems.

In spite of the presence of antidote drug Naloxone, many drug addicts die of an opioid overdose because they consume drugs in small groups or when they are alone and die before reaching any health care facility. A safe supervised facility also helps in controlling these over-dose deaths.

The results of supervised treatment facilities may not be universal for all drug users but they are convincing enough to be useful for a substantial number of opioid addicts, and health professionals are rooting for carrying out essential legislation to establish these supervised facilities in the USA.

 

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